Kamis, 26 Januari 2012

BLOOM’S THOUGHT


BLOOM’S THOUGHT

DR. WIDIATMOKO


cognitive domain
 level
category or 'level'
behavior descriptions
examples of activity to be trained, or demonstration and evidence to be measured
'key words' (verbs which describe the activity to be trained or measured at each level)
1
Knowledge
recall or recognise information
multiple-choice test, recount facts or statistics, recall a process, rules, definitions; quote law or procedure
arrange, define, describe, label, list, memorise, recognise, relate, reproduce, select, state
2
Comprehension
understand meaning, re-state data in one's own words, interpret, extrapolate, translate
explain or interpret meaning from a given scenario or statement, suggest treatment, reaction or solution to given problem, create examples or metaphors
explain, reiterate, reword, critique, classify, summarise, illustrate, translate, review, report, discuss, re-write, estimate, interpret, theorise, paraphrase, reference, example
3
Application
use or apply knowledge, put theory into practice, use knowledge in response to real circumstances
put a theory into practical effect, demonstrate, solve a problem, manage an activity
use, apply, discover, manage, execute, solve, produce, implement, construct, change, prepare, conduct, perform, react, respond, role-play
4
Analysis
interpret elements, organizational principles, structure, construction, internal relationships; quality, reliability of individual components
identify constituent parts and functions of a process or concept, or de-construct a methodology or process, making qualitative assessment of elements, relationships, values and effects; measure requirements or needs
analyse, break down, catalogue, compare, quantify, measure, test, examine, experiment, relate, graph, diagram, plot, extrapolate, value, divide
5
Synthesis (create/build)
develop new unique structures, systems, models, approaches, ideas; creative thinking, operations
develop plans or procedures, design solutions, integrate methods, resources, ideas, parts; create teams or new approaches, write protocols or contingencies
develop, plan, build, create, design, organise, revise, formulate, propose, establish, assemble, integrate, re-arrange, modify
6
Evaluation
assess effectiveness of whole concepts, in relation to values, outputs, efficacy, viability; critical thinking, strategic comparison and review; judgement relating to external criteria
review strategic options or plans in terms of efficacy, return on investment or cost-effectiveness, practicability; assess sustainability; perform a SWOT analysis in relation to alternatives; produce a financial justification for a proposition or venture, calculate the effects of a plan or strategy; perform a detailed and costed risk analysis with recommendations and justifications
review, justify, assess, present a case for, defend, report on, investigate, direct, appraise, argue, project-manage



affective domain
 level
category or 'level'
behaviour descriptions
examples of experience, or demonstration and evidence to be measured
'key words' (verbs which describe the activity to be trained or measured at each level)
1
Receive
open to experience, willing to hear
listen to teacher or trainer, take interest in session or learning experience, take notes, turn up, make time for learning experience, participate passively
ask, listen, focus, attend, take part, discuss, acknowledge, hear, be open to, retain, follow, concentrate, read, do, feel
2
Respond
react and participate actively
participate actively in group discussion, active participation in activity, interest in outcomes, enthusiasm for action, question and probe ideas, suggest interpretation
react, respond, seek clarification, interpret, clarify, provide other references and examples, contribute, question, present, cite, become animated or excited, help team, write, perform
3
Value
attach values and express personal opinions
decide worth and relevance of ideas, experiences; accept or commit to particular stance or action
argue, challenge, debate, refute, confront, justify, persuade, criticise,
4
Organise or Conceptualize values
reconcile internal conflicts; develop value system
qualify and quantify personal views, state personal position and reasons, state beliefs
build, develop, formulate, defend, modify, relate, prioritise, reconcile, contrast, arrange, compare
5
Internalize or characterise values
adopt belief system and philosophy
self-reliant; behave consistently with personal value set
act, display, influence, solve, practice,



psychomotor domain (dave)
 level
category or 'level'
behaviour descriptions
examples of activity or demonstration and evidence to be measured
'key words' (verbs which describe the activity to be trained or measured at each level)
1
Imitation
copy action of another; observe and replicate
watch teacher or trainer and repeat action, process or activity
copy, follow, replicate, repeat, adhere
2
Manipulation
reproduce activity from instruction or memory
carry out task from written or verbal instruction
re-create, build, perform, execute, implement
3
Precision
execute skill reliably, independent of help
perform a task or activity with expertise and to high quality without assistance or instruction; able to demonstrate an activity to other learners
demonstrate, complete, show, perfect, calibrate, control,
4
Articulation
adapt and integrate expertise to satisfy a non-standard objective
relate and combine associated activities to develop methods to meet varying, novel requirements
construct, solve, combine, coordinate, integrate, adapt, develop, formulate, modify, master
5
Naturalization
automated, unconscious mastery of activity and related skills at strategic level
define aim, approach and strategy for use of activities to meet strategic need
design, specify, manage, invent, project-manage